5 Levels of Pulmonary Hypertension

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Pulmonary hypertension is a kind of high blood pressure that results in serious consequences on arteries in the lungs and the right side of the heart.

The tiny arteries in the lungs known as pulmonary arterioles and capillaries get narrowed or blocked in one form of pulmonary hypertension. As a result, the blood flow gets affected and raises pressure within the lung’s arteries.

So, as the pressure increases, the heart’s lower right chamber (right ventricle) has to take the extra load of pumping the blood through the lungs, which results in the weakening and failure of the heart muscles.

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To understand it in a better way. Let’s understand.

What is pulmonary fibrosis?

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Pulmonary fibrosis is a disease of the lungs that occurs due to damaged lung tissues.

The lung tissues get thick and stiff, making it too tough for the lungs to function properly.

As the condition of the patient gets worse they experience shortness of breath.

The damage to lung tissues can cause by many factors. But when the reason is not defined, such a condition is called idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Pulmonary hypertension is a serious health issue that can become more fatal in time.

Some forms of pulmonary hypertension are non-curable, although treatment can lessen the pain and improve health.

Signs and symptoms:

The signs and symptoms of pulmonary hypertension are hard to recognize in the beginning. The symptoms are traced after months, or even after years. Symptoms are as follows:

  • Dyspnea, shortness of breath. In the initial phase, it may happen during exercise but later, at rest too
  • Fatigue
  • Chest pain
  • Lips and skin turning blue
  • Swelling in the ankles, legs, and later in the abdomen
  • Increase in pulse or heart palpitations
  • Dizziness.

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tanuku homeopathy hospital

5 types of pulmonary hypertension:

Pulmonary fibrosis is a type of pulmonary hypertension. Basically, these are categorized into five groups, depending on their root causes:

(1) Pulmonary arterial hypertension

  • Its cause is unknown at times. It is called idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension
  • Heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension is a specific gene mutation that can cause pulmonary hypertension to develop in families
  • Certain illegal drugs
  • Heart abnormality since birth

(2) Left-sided heart diseases

  • Failure of the left ventricle of the heart
  • Mitral valve or aortic valve diseases

(3) HP caused by lung disease

  • Emphysema, chronic disobliging pulmonary diseases
  • Pulmonary fibrosis is a type of this group, causing scarring in the tissue
  • Traveling to high altitudes for a long time can be risky for people who have pulmonary hypertension

(4) Affected by a chronic blood clot

  • Pulmonary emboli (blood clots in the lungs)

(5) Other situations where the cause is unknown

  • A disorder caused by blood
  • Sarcoidosis, which affects many organs in the body
  • Glycogen storage diseases, caused by an enzyme deficiency
  • Tumors affecting the arteries

tanuku homeopathy hospital

tanuku homeopathy hospital

Pulmonary hypertension is a serious health issue that needs to be addressed as early as possible. It is difficult to know or recognize the symptoms but it is important to keep a check on them. Pulmonary hypertension is not curable but its effects can be mitigated and a better life is attained. Here, the signs and symptoms will help you to understand the diseases. Moreover, the 5 groups of pulmonary hypertension, along with an explanation of pulmonary fibrosis given above help you understand more about the issue.

5 Levels of Pulmonary Hypertension